Africa - Mobile Network Operators and MVNOs

Publication Overview

The report provides key information about the mobile operators in Africa. Topics covered include:

  • Brief company history and shareholder structure;
  • Licences and technology deployments;
  • Subscriber evolution;
  • Average Revenue per User (ARPU);
  • Market position.

The countries covered in this report include: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- April 2018 (11th Edition)

Executive Summary

African MNOs under pressure from SIM card registration

Mobile telephony remains by far the dominant telecom service across Africa, accounting for more than 90% of all telephone lines on the continent. Given the very poor condition of fixed-line infrastructure in most markets, mobile internet access as a consequence also accounts for between 95% and 99% of all internet connections.

The size and range of the diverse markets within Africa have contributed to varied market penetration rates between countries. By early 2018 the highest mobile penetration was found in countries including Gabon (163%), Botswana (159%), South Africa (147%) and Mauritius (146%). To some degree high penetration reflects the popularity of consumers having multiple SIM cards despite efforts among most regulators to enforce measures by which operators must register SIM card users. These efforts are largely geared more to removing dormant SIM cards from operators’ databases, and thereby providing a more accurate impression of market dynamics, than of addressing fears that crime and civil disturbances can be facilitated or orchestrated via the use of mobile phones.

At the other end of the scale there are a number of countries in which far greater government direction, market competition and regulatory oversight are still required for the local mobile markets to develop further. These countries include Niger (40% penetration) and Madagascar (39%) as also two which have suffered from considerable civil and economic disruption, South Sudan (20% penetration) and Eritrea (7.5%).

The mobile market in Africa is almost entirely prepaid. Commonly, about 99% of all subscribers are prepaid, since this offer a far more economically manageable means to gain access to voice and data services than does a contract plan. In addition, year-on-year a greater proportion of the continent’s population is able to afford mobile services, leading to a steady increase in the subscriber base. Affordability has been extended by the positive effects on pricing from market competition and by measures to reduce termination rates. In addition, many countries have signed up to regional agreements aimed at reducing international roaming charges. Regional roaming initiatives reduce charges for customers, increase regulated traffic, and curtail grey traffic (the re-origination of long-distance calls). The East Africa One Network Area has been in effect since April 2016, while the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) came into play in December 2016. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) provides a similar agreement (signed in October 2017) among its 19-member bloc, stretching from Libya in the north to eSwatini (Swaziland) in the south.

While network operators have seen reduced revenue from roaming access, this has generally been recouped from a sharp increase in international traffic.

A few countries within Africa retain incumbent monopolies for the provision of services, while others have seen consolidation among players (largely due to operators such as Airtel and Tigo exiting certain markets or the failure of some poorly managed enterprises). In sum, though, there is effective competition within the mobile sector. This has also encouraged competition for services based on upgraded technologies, which in turn has encouraged investment. Africa remains the main region globally for m-money and m-banking services, for example, and while there is little focus on 5G deployments as yet there is considerable effort being undertaken to upgrade networks from 3G infrastructure to LTE. This process is uneven, since in many areas GSM remains the dominant technology.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Regional mobile market overview
    • 1.1 Leading mobile operators by country
      • 1.1.1 Major domestic operators
      • 1.1.2 Major international operators
    • 1.2 Africa Telecoms Maturity Index
      • 1.2.1 Africa Telecom Maturity Index by tier
  • 2. Algeria
    • 2.1 Market analysis
    • 2.2 Operator statistics
    • 2.3 Algerie Telecom (Mobilis)
    • 2.4 Optimum Telecom Algerie (Djezzy)
    • 2.5 Wataniya Telecom (Nedjma, Ooredoo)
  • 3. Angola
    • 3.1 Market analysis
    • 3.2 Movicel (Angola Telecom)
    • 3.3 Unitel
  • 4. Benin
    • 4.1 Market analysis
    • 4.2 Operator statistics
    • 4.3 MTN (Spacetel-Benin, Areeba)
    • 4.4 Moov (Etisalat Moov)
    • 4.5 Libercom (Benin Telecoms)
    • 4.6 BBCom (Bell Benin)
    • 4.7 Glo Mobile Benin (Globacom)
  • 5. Botswana
    • 5.1 Market analysis
    • 5.2 Operator statistics
    • 5.3 Mascom Wireless
    • 5.4 Orange Botswana (formerly Vista Cellular)
    • 5.5 BTC (beMobile)
  • 6. Burkina Faso
    • 6.1 Market analysis
    • 6.2 Operator statistics
    • 6.3 Orange Burkina Faso (formerly Airtel, Zain, Celtel)
    • 6.4 Telmob (Onatel)
    • 6.5 Moov
  • 7. Cameroon
    • 7.1 Market analysis
    • 7.2 Operator statistics
    • 7.3 MTN Cameroon
      • 7.3.1 National backbone
    • 7.4 Orange Cameroon
    • 7.5 Nextell Cameroon (Viettel)
    • 7.6 Camtel Mobile
    • 7.7 MVNOs
  • 8. Chad
    • 8.1 Market analysis
    • 8.2 Operator statistics
    • 8.3 Airtel Chad
    • 8.4 Tigo Chad
    • 8.5 Salam Mobile
    • 8.6 Tchad Mobile (defunct)
  • 9. Cote d’Ivoire
    • 9.1 Market analysis
    • 9.2 Operator statistics
    • 9.3 Mobile operator overview
    • 9.4 MTN Côte d’Ivoire (formerly Loteny)
    • 9.5 Orange CI
    • 9.6 Comium (KoZ)
    • 9.7 Moov (Etisalat)
    • 9.8 Green Network (Oricel, Lap Green)
    • 9.9 Warid Telecom
  • 10. Democratic Republic of Congo
    • 10.1 Market analysis
    • 10.2 Mobile operator overview
    • 10.3 Vodacom Congo
    • 10.4 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
    • 10.5 Tigo (Millicom, Oasis)
    • 10.6 Orange (CCT)
    • 10.7 Africell
  • 11. Djibouti
    • 11.1 Market overview
    • 11.2 Operator statistics - Djibouti Telecom (DT)
  • 12. Egypt
    • 12.1 Market analysis
    • 12.2 Operator statistics
    • 12.3 Orange Egypt (Mobinil, ECMS)
      • 12.3.1 Network development
      • 12.3.2 ARPU and usage
    • 12.4 Vodafone Egypt
    • 12.5 Etisalat Misr
    • 12.6 Telecom Egypt
  • 13. Eritrea
    • 13.1 Market overview
      • 13.1.1 Privatisation of EriTel
    • 13.2 Operator statistics - EriTel
  • 14. Ethiopia
    • 14.1 Market overview
    • 14.2 Operator statistics – Ethio-Mobile
    • 14.3 Ethio Mobile
  • 15. Gabon
    • 15.1 Market analysis
    • 15.2 Operator statistics
    • 15.3 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
    • 15.4 Libertis (Gabon Telecom)
    • 15.5 Moov (Télécel Gabon)
    • 15.6 Azur (USAN, BinTel)
  • 16. Gambia
    • 16.1 Market analysis
    • 16.2 Gamcel
    • 16.3 Africell
    • 16.4 Comium
    • 16.5 QCell
  • 17. Ghana
    • 17.1 Market analysis
    • 17.2 Operator statistics
    • 17.3 Vodafone Ghana (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
    • 17.4 MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
    • 17.5 Tigo Ghana (Millicom Ghana, Mobitel)
      • 17.5.1 Merger with Airtel Ghana
    • 17.6 Expresso
    • 17.7 Airtel Ghana (Zain/Celtel, Westel)
    • 17.8 Glo Mobile
    • 17.9 MVNOs
  • 18. Guinea
    • 18.1 Market analysis
    • 18.2 Operator statistics
    • 18.3 MTN Guinea (Areeba)
    • 18.4 Sotelgui (Lagui)
    • 18.5 Orange Guinea (formerly Spacetel Guinee)
    • 18.6 Intercel Guinea (formerly Télécel Guinea)
    • 18.7 Cellcom Guinee
  • 19. Kenya
    • 19.1 Market analysis
    • 19.2 Operator statistics
    • 19.3 Safaricom
      • 19.3.1 Privatisation and IPO
    • 19.4 Bharti Airtel Kenya (formerly Zain, Celtel, KenCell)
    • 19.5 Essar Telecom Kenya (yuMobile, formerly Econet)
    • 19.6 Telkom Kenya
    • 19.7 MVNOs
  • 20. Lesotho
    • 20.1 Market analysis
    • 20.2 Vodacom Lesotho
    • 20.3 ETL
  • 21. Liberia
    • 21.1 Market analysis
    • 21.2 MTN Liberia (LoneStar)
    • 21.3 Orange Liberia (Cellcom)
    • 21.4 Novafone GSM (Comium)
    • 21.5 LiberCell
  • 22. Libya
    • 22.1 Market analysis
    • 22.2 Al-Madar
    • 22.3 Libyana
    • 22.4 LibyaPhone
  • 23. Madagascar
    • 23.1 Market analysis
    • 23.2 Operator statistics
    • 23.3 Bharti Airtel (formerly Madacom, Zain/Celtel)
    • 23.4 Orange Madagascar (formerly SMM)
    • 23.5 Telma Mobile
    • 23.6 Madamobil
    • 23.7 Blueline
  • 24. Malawi
    • 24.1 Market analysis
    • 24.2 TNM
    • 24.3 Airtel Malawi (formerly Zain, Celtel)
    • 24.4 G-Mobile (GAIN)
    • 24.5 Celcom Malawi
    • 24.6 Lacell Private (Smart Mobile)
  • 25. Mali
    • 25.1 Market analysis
    • 25.2 Malitel
    • 25.3 Orange Mali (formerly Ikatel)
    • 25.4 MVNOs
  • 26. Mauritania
    • 26.1 Market analysis
    • 26.2 Mauritel Mobiles
    • 26.3 Mattel
    • 26.4 Chinguitel
  • 27. Mauritius
    • 27.1 Market analysis
    • 27.2 My.t (Orange, MT, Cellplus)
    • 27.3 Emtel
    • 27.4 Mahanagar (MTML)
  • 28. Morocco
    • 28.1 Market analysis
    • 28.2 Itissalatt Al-Maghrib (IAM, Maroc Telecom)
    • 28.3 Orange Morocco (Méditel)
    • 28.4 Inwi (Wana)
  • 29. Mozambique
    • 29.1 Market analysis
    • 29.2 mCel
    • 29.3 Vodacom Mozambique
    • 29.4 Movitel
  • 30. Namibia
    • 30.1 Market analysis
    • 30.2 MTC
    • 30.3 Telecom Namibia Mobile (Cell One, Leo)
    • 30.4 Paratus Telecom
  • 31. Niger
    • 31.1 Market analysis
    • 31.2 Operator statistics
    • 31.3 Airtel Niger (formerly Celtel/Zain)
    • 31.4 Orange Niger
    • 31.5 Moov Niger
    • 31.6 Niger Telecom
  • 32. Nigeria
    • 32.1 Market analysis
    • 32.2 Operator statistics
    • 32.3 Major GSM mobile operators
      • 32.3.1 MTN Nigeria
      • 32.3.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
      • 32.3.3 Globacom
      • 32.3.4 9Mobile (Etisalat Nigeria, EMTS, Mubadala)
      • 32.3.5 M-Tel
    • 32.4 Major CDMA mobile operators
      • 32.4.1 Multi-Links Telkom
      • 32.4.2 Reliance Telecommunications (Reltel, Zoom)
      • 32.4.3 Starcomms (Capcom)
      • 32.4.4 InterC Network (Intercellular Nigeria)
      • 32.4.5 Visafone
  • 33. Rwanda
    • 33.1 Market analysis
    • 33.2 Operator statistics
    • 33.3 MTN Rwanda
    • 33.4 Rwandatel (formerly Terracom Mobile)
    • 33.5 Tigo Rwanda
    • 33.6 Airtel Rwanda
  • 34. Senegal
    • 34.1 Market analysis
    • 34.2 Operator statistics
    • 34.3 Orange (Sonatel Mobiles)
    • 34.4 Tigo Senegal (Sentel GSM)
    • 34.5 Expresso (Sudatel)
    • 34.6 Hayo Telecom
    • 34.7 MVNOs
  • 35. Sierra Leone
    • 35.1 Market analysis
      • 35.1.1 Mobile licensing
    • 35.2 Orange Sierra Leone (Bharti Airtel, formerly Zain, Celtel)
    • 35.3 Comium
    • 35.4 Africell (Lintel)
    • 35.5 Sierratel
    • 35.6 Cellcom
    • 35.7 Ambitel/GreenN
    • 35.8 Smart Mobile
  • 36. South Africa
    • 36.1 Market analysis
    • 36.2 Vodacom South Africa
    • 36.3 MTN South Africa
    • 36.4 Cell C
    • 36.5 Telkom Mobile
    • 36.6 MVNEs - Mobile Virtual Network Enablers
    • 36.7 MVNOs
  • 37. South Sudan
    • 37.1 Market analysis
    • 37.2 Operator statistics
    • 37.3 VivaCell
    • 37.4 Gemtel
    • 37.5 Zain South Sudan
    • 37.6 MTN South Sudan
    • 37.7 Sudani (Sudatel)
  • 38. Sudan
    • 38.1 Market analysis
    • 38.2 Operator statistics
    • 38.3 Zain Sudan
    • 38.4 MTN Sudan (Bashair Telecom, Investcom/Areeba)
    • 38.5 Sudani (Sudatel)
  • 39. Swaziland
    • 39.1 Market analysis
    • 39.2 Swazi MTN
    • 39.3 SPTC
    • 39.4 Swazi Mobile
  • 40. Tanzania
    • 40.1 Market analysis
    • 40.2 Operator statistics
    • 40.3 TTC Mobile
    • 40.4 Vodacom Tanzania
    • 40.5 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
    • 40.6 Millicom Tanzania (Mobitel, Tigo)
    • 40.7 Zanzibar Telecommunication (Zantel)
    • 40.8 Halotel (Viettel Tanzania0
    • 40.9 Mobile Virtual network Operators (MVNOs)
  • 41. Tunisia
    • 41.1 Market analysis
    • 41.2 Operator statistics
      • 41.2.1 Tunicell (Tunisie Telecom)
      • 41.2.2 Ooredoo (Tunisiana)
      • 41.2.3 Shareholder structure and major equity transactions
      • 41.2.4 Network infrastructure
    • 41.3 Orange Tunisie
    • 41.4 MVNOs
  • 42. Uganda
    • 42.1 Market analysis
    • 42.2 MTN Uganda
    • 42.3 Bharti Airtel Uganda (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 42.3.1 Warid Telecom
    • 42.4 Uganda Telecom (UTL)
    • 42.5 Africell (Orange Uganda)
    • 42.6 Smile Communications
    • 42.7 Smart Telecom, Sure Telecom
    • 42.8 Vodafone Uganda
    • 42.9 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
      • 42.9.1 K2 Telecom
  • 43. Zambia
    • 43.1 Market analysis
    • 43.2 Airtel Zambia (formerly Zain/Celtel, Zamcell)
      • 43.2.1 Network development
    • 43.3 MTN Zambia (formerly Telecel)
    • 43.4 Zamtel Mobile (formerly Cell Z)
    • 43.5 Vodafone Zambia
    • 43.6 UZI Zambia
  • 44. Zimbabwe
    • 44.1 Market analysis
    • 44.2 Operator statistics
    • 44.3 Econet Wireless Zimbabwe (EWZ)
      • 44.3.1 Network infrastructure, coverage and capacity
      • 44.3.2 Services and distribution network
      • 44.3.3 YourFone, FreePhone
    • 44.4 NetOne
      • 44.4.1 Network developments
    • 44.5 Telecel Zimbabwe
      • 44.5.1 Network developments
      • 44.5.2 Company sale
    • 44.6 Mobile Virtual Network operators (MVNOs)
    • Table 1 – Africa – leading MNOs – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 2 – MTN mobile subscribers by country – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 3 – Orange Group mobile subscribers by country – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 4 – Etisalat mobile subscribers by country – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 5 – Zain mobile subscribers by country – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 6 – Vodacom mobile subscribers by country – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 7 – Vodacom mobile subscribers by country – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 8 – Algeria - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 9 – Algeria - Mobilis subscribers – 2009 - 2015
    • Table 10 – Algeria - Djezzy subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 11 – Algeria - Djezzy financial data (DZD) – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 12 – Algeria - Djezzy financial data (USD) – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 13 – Algeria - Djezzy blended ARPU – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 14 – Algeria - Ooredoo financial data (QAR) – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 15 – Algeria - Ooredoo blended ARPU – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 16 – Algeria - Ooredoo mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 17 – Algeria - Ooredoo wireless broadband subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 18 – Angola - Movicel mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 19 – Angola - Unitel mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 20 – Benin - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 21 – MTN Benin subscribers and ARPU – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 22 – MTN Benin revenue – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 23 – Benin - Moov subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 24 – Benin - Libercom subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 25 – Benin - BBCom subscribers – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 26 – Benin - Glo Mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 27 – Botswana - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 28 – Mascom Botswana ARPU – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 29 – Mascom Botswana subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 30 – Mascom Botswana revenue – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 31 – Orange Botswana subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 32 – Orange Botswana mobile revenue – 2008 - 2014
    • Table 33 – Botswana - BTC subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 34 – Botswana - BTC mobile revenue by service – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 35 – Burkina Faso - Mobile operator market share of subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 36 – Orange Burkina Faso mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 37 – Burkina Faso - Onatel mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 38 – Burkina Faso - Onatel revenue – 2011 - 2014
    • Table 39 – Burkina Faso - Onatel annualised ARPU – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 40 – Burkina Faso - Historic - Moov mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2010
    • Table 41 – Cameroon - Mobile market share by operator – 2014 - 2015
    • Table 42 – MTN Cameroon ARPU ($) – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 43 – MTN Cameroon ARPU (CFA) – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 44 – MTN Cameroon financial data – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 45 – MTN Cameroon revenue by type – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 46 – MTN Cameroon revenue (XAF) – 2016 - 2017
    • Table 47 – MTN Cameroon subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 48 – Orange Cameroon mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 49 – Orange Cameroon revenue – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 50 – Orange Cameroon annualised ARPU – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 51 – Nextell Cameroon mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 52 – Chad - Mobile base stations in service - 2000 – 2015
    • Table 53 – Chad - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 54 – Chad - Mobile voice traffic by operator – 2011 - 2015
    • Table 55 – Airtel Chad subscribers – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 56 – Tigo Chad subscribers – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 57 – Salam Mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 12 – Tchad Mobile (defunct) subscribers – 2001 - 2004
    • Table 58 – Cote d’Ivoire - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 59 – MTN Côte d'Ivoire subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 60 – MTN Côte d'Ivoire revenue – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 61 – MTN Côte d’Ivoire ARPU – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 62 – Orange Côte d'Ivoire subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 63 – Orange Côte d'Ivoire revenue – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 64 – Comium Côte d’Ivoire subscribers – 2007 - 2016
    • Table 65 – Cote d’Ivoire - Moov subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 66 – Cote d’Ivoire - Green mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 67 – Vodacom Congo subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 68 – Vodacom Congo active data subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 69 – Vodacom Congo ARPU – 2003 - 2016
    • Table 70 – Vodacom Congo ARPU (ZAR) – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 71 – Vodacom Congo mobile revenue – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 72 – DRC - Airtel mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 73 – DRC - Tigo subscribers – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 74 – Orange DRC subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 75 – Orange DRC revenue – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 76 – DRC - Africell mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 77 – Djibouti - Mobile subscribers and penetration – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 78 – Egypt - Mobile market share of subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 79 – Orange Egypt subscribers – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 80 – Orange Egypt consolidated financial results (EGP) – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 81 – Orange Egypt financial results (€) – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 82 – Orange Egypt blended monthly ARPU (€) – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 83 – Vodafone Egypt financials (£) – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 84 – Vodafone Egypt financials (EGP) – 2015 - 2016
    • Table 85 – Vodafone Egypt mobile data traffic – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 86 – Vodafone Egypt subscribers – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 87 – Vodafone Egypt blended monthly ARPU – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 88 – Egypt - Etisalat Misr financial data – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 89 – Egypt - Etisalat Misr mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 90 – Telecom Egypt mobile subscribers – 2016 - 2017
    • Table 91 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Eritrea – 2004 - 2018
    • Table 92 – Ethio Telecom - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 93 – Gabon - Mobile market share by operator – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 94 – Airtel Gabon subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 95 – Gabon - Libertis subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 96 – Gabon - Libertis mobile revenue – 2011 - 2014
    • Table 97 – Gabon - Libertis annualised mobile ARPU – 2013 - 2015
    • Table 98 – Gabon - Historic - Moov subscribers – 2010 - 2015
    • Table 99 – Gabon - Historic - Moov mobile ARPU – 2014 - 2015
    • Table 100 – Gabon - Azur subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 101 – Gambia - Gamcel mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 102 – Gambia - Africell mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 103 – Gambia - Comium mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 104 – Gambia - QCell mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 105 – Ghana - Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 106 – Ghana - Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 107 – Ghana - Overview of mobile network launch dates
    • Table 108 – Vodafone Ghana subscribers – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 109 – MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 110 – MTN Ghana revenue by type – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 111 – MTN Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 112 – MTN Ghana ARPU – 2002 – 2017
    • Table 113 – Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (regulator data) – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 114 – Tigo Ghana mobile subscribers (company data) – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 115 – Espresso Ghana mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 116 – Airtel Ghana mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 117 – Ghana - Glo Mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 118 – Guinea - Cumulative mobile market investment by operator – 2010 - 2016
    • Table 119 – Guinea - Mobile market revenue by operator – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 120 – Guinea - Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 121 – Guinea - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 122 – Guinea - Mobile coverage of main towns by operator – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 123 – MTN Guinea financial data – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 124 – MTN Guinea subscribers and ARPU – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 125 – Orange Guinea subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 126 – Orange Guinea revenue – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 127 – Guinea - Cellcom mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 128 – Kenya - Mobile traffic share by operator – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 129 – Kenya - Market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2017
    • Table 130 – Kenya - Safaricom revenue – 2011 - 2018
    • Table 131 – Kenya - Safaricom revenue by sector – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 132 – Kenya - Safaricom - proportion of revenue by sector – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 133 – Kenya - Safaricom subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 134 – Kenya - Safaricom base stations by technology – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 135 – Airtel Kenya subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 136 – Kenya - Historic - Essar Telecom subscribers – 2010 - 2014
    • Table 137 – Telkom Kenya revenue – 2010 - 2014
    • Table 138 – Telkom Kenya mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 139 – Kenya - Equitel mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 140 – Vodacom Lesotho subscribers and churn rate – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 141 – Vodacom Lesotho active data subscribers – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 142 – Vodacom Lesotho ARPU – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 143 – Vodacom Lesotho revenue – 2017 - 2018
    • Table 144 – Lesotho - ETL mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 145 – LoneStar/MTN Liberia subscribers, ARPU and market share – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 146 – LoneStar/MTN Liberia revenue – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 147 – Liberia - Cellcom mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 148 – Liberia - Novafone mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 149 – Libya - Al-Madar mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 150 – Libyana mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 151 – Madagascar - Mobile network coverage by technology and operator – 2016
    • Table 152 – Zain Madagascar financial data before takeover – 2006 - 2009
    • Table 153 – Airtel Madagascar mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 154 – Orange Madagascar subscribers and ARPU – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 155 – Orange Madagascar revenue – 2007 - 2014
    • Table 156 – Madagascar - Telma Mobile mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 157 – Malawi - TNM financial results – 2009 – 2017
    • Table 158 – Malawi - TNM ARPU ($) – 2003 - 2013
    • Table 159 – Malawi - TNM ARPU (MWK) – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 160 – Malawi - TNM mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 161 – Malawi - TNM mobile bases stations in service – 2014 - 2016
    • Table 162 – Malitel mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 163 – Malitel mobile revenue – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 164 – Orange Mali mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 165 – Orange Mali revenue (€) – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 166 – Orange Mali revenue (XOF) – 2005 - 2014
    • Table 167 – Orange Mali ARPU (€) – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 168 – Mauritania - Mauritel Mobiles mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 169 – Mauritania - Mattel mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 170 – Mauritania - Chinguitel mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 171 – Mauritius - my-t mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 172 – Mauritius - my-t mobile subscribers (Orange Group own share) – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 173 – Mauritius - Emtel mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2014
    • Table 174 – Maroc Telecom mobile subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 175 – Maroc Telecom mobile subscribers by platform – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 176 – Maroc Telecom ARPU, churn rate – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 177 – Maroc Telecom domestic mobile revenue – 2005 - 2017
    • Table 178 – Orange Morocco mobile subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 179 –Orange Morocco mobile service revenue – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 180 – Morocco - Inwi mobile subscribers and market share – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 181 – Mozambique - mCel mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 182 – Historical - Vodacom Mozambique financial results (ZAR) – 2007 - 2010
    • Table 183 – Vodacom Mozambique financial data (MZM) – 2016 - 2018
    • Table 184 – Vodacom Mozambique subscribers – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 185 – Vodacom Mozambique data subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 186 – Vodacom Mozambique ARPU – 2008 - 2017
    • Table 187 – Movitel mobile subscribers – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 188 – Namibia - MTC mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 189 – Namibia - MTC mobile financial data – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 190 – Telecom Namibia mobile subscribers – 2005 - 2016
    • Table 191 – Niger - Mobile pylons in service by operator – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 192 – Niger - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2016
    • Table 193 – Airtel Niger mobile subscribers – 2012 – 2016
    • Table 194 – Orange Niger revenue – 2015 – 2017
    • Table 195 – Orange Niger mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2017
    • Table 196 – Moov Niger mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2017
    • Table 197 – Niger Telecom mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2016
    • Table 198 – Nigeria - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator (GSM) – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 199 – Nigeria - MTN mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 200 – MTN Nigeria financial data – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 201 – MTN Nigeria revenue by type – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 202 – MTN Nigeria ARPU – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 203 – Nigeria - Airtel mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 204 – Nigeria - Globacom mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 205 – Nigeria - Etisalat mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 206 – Nigeria - 9Mobile mobile revenue and capex – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 207 – Nigeria - CDMA subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 208 – Nigeria - Historic - Starcomms mobile subscribers – 2005 – 2014
    • Table 209 – Nigeria - Visafone mobile subscribers – 2009; 2013 - 2017
    • Table 210 – Rwanda - Mobile geographic coverage by operator – September 2017
    • Table 211 – Rwanda Mobile population coverage by operator – September 2017
    • Table 212 – MTN Rwanda ARPU – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 213 – MTN Rwanda financial data – 2011 - 2014
    • Table 214 – MTN Rwanda subscribers – 2012 - 2018
    • Table 215 – Tigo Rwanda B2C subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 216 – Tigo Rwanda mobile subscribers – 2015 - 2018
    • Table 217 – Airtel Rwanda subscribers – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 218 – Senegal - Market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 219 – Senegal - Sonatel/Orange mobile subscribers – 1999 - 2017
    • Table 220 – Senegal - Sonatel/Orange mobile revenue (€) – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 221 – Senegal - Sonatel/Orange mobile ARPU (XOF) – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 222 – Senegal - Sonatel/Orange blended mobile ARPU (€) – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 223 – Senegal - Sonatel/Orange mobile data subscribers and revenue – 2013 - 2015
    • Table 224 – Senegal - Tigo mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 225 – Senegal - Expresso mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 226 – Sierra Leone - GSM licence awards and operations in Sierra Leone
    • Table 227 – Sierra Leone - Celtel/Zain SL subscribers and market share – 2003 - 2009
    • Table 228 – Vodacom South Africa mobile revenue – 2010 - 2018
    • Table 229 – Vodacom South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2016
    • Table 230 – Vodacom South Africa mobile data subscribers – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 231 – MTN South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 232 – MTN South Africa financial data – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 233 – MTN South Africa mobile ARPU – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 234 – South Africa - Cell C registered mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 235 – South Africa - Telkom mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 236 – South Africa - Telkom prepaid and contract mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 237 – South Africa - Telkom mobile financial data – 2014 - 2018
    • Table 238 – South Africa - Telkom mobile ARPU – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 239 – South Sudan - Mobile market share by operator – 2015
    • Table 240 – VivaCell South Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2013 - 2015
    • Table 241 – Zain South Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 242 – Zain South Sudan financial data – 2012 - 2016
    • Table 243 – MTN South Sudan revenue ($) – 2012 - 2014
    • Table 244 – MTN South Sudan revenue (ZAR) – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 245 – MTN South Sudan subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 246 – MTN South Sudan ARPU – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 247 – Sudan - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 248 – Zain Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2003 - 2017
    • Table 249 – Zain Sudan financial data ($) – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 250 – Zain Sudan financial data (SDG) – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 251 – MTN Sudan subscribers and ARPU – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 252 – MTN Sudan financial data – 2013 – 2017
    • Table 253 –Sudani mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 254 – Swazi MTN subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 255 – Swazi MTN revenue – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 256 – Swazi MTN ARPU – 2001 - 2017
    • Table 257 – Tanzania - Mobile voice subscriber market share by operator – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 258 – Tanzania - TTC mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2017
    • Table 259 – Vodacom Tanzania subscribers – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 260 – Vodacom Tanzania data subscribers – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 261 – Vodacom Tanzania ARPU ($) – 2003 - 2014
    • Table 262 – Vodacom Tanzania ARPU (TZS) – 2011 - 2016
    • Table 263 – Tanzania - Airtel subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 264 – Zain Tanzania ARPU – 2002 - 2009
    • Table 265 – Millicom Tanzania mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 266 – Tanzania - Zantel mobile subscribers – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 267 – Tanzania - Halotel mobile subscribers – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 268 – Tunisia - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 - 2017
    • Table 269 – Tunisie Telecom mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 270 – Ooredoo Tunisia blended monthly ARPU (QR) – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 271 – Ooredoo Tunisia revenue and EBITDA – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 272 – Ooredoo Tunisia mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 273 – Orange Tunisie mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 274 – Lycamobile Tunisie mobile subscribers – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 275 – MTN Uganda subscribers – 2000 - 2017
    • Table 276 – MTN Uganda financial data – 2013 – 2017
    • Table 277 – MTN Uganda ARPU – 2002 - 2017
    • Table 278 – Bharti Uganda subscribers – 2002 - 2016
    • Table 279 – Uganda - Telecel mobile subscribers – 2013 - 2016
    • Table 280 – Africell Uganda mobile subscribers – 2009 – 2016
    • Table 281 – Zambia - Annualised mobile ARPU – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 282 – Airtel Zambia subscribers – 2014 - 2017
    • Table 283 – MTN Zambia financial data– 2012 - 2017
    • Table 284 – MTN Zambia subscribers – 2012 - 2017
    • Table 285 – MTN Zambia mobile ARPU – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 286 – Zamtel mobile revenue – 2012 – 2013
    • Table 287 – Zamtel mobile subscribers – 2015 - 2017
    • Table 288 – Zimbabwe - Market share of base stations by operator – June 2017
    • Table 289 – Zimbabwe - Active mobile subscriptions by operator– 2014 - 2017
    • Table 290 – Zimbabwe - Operator market share of active mobile subscriptions – 2013 - 2017
    • Table 291 – Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless financial data – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 292 – Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless data revenue – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 293 – Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless active mobile subscribers – 2010 - 2017
    • Table 294 – Zimbabwe - NetOne active mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Table 295 – Zimbabwe - Telecel active mobile subscribers – 2011 - 2017
    • Chart 1 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita – 2017
    • Chart 2 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Leaders (top tier) - 2017
    • Chart 3 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Challengers (middle tier) - 2017
    • Chart 4 – Africa Telecoms Maturity Index – Market Laggards (bottom tier) - 2017
    • Chart 5 – Algeria - Djezzy financial data – 2013 – 2017
    • Chart 6 – Orange Côte d'Ivoire revenue – 2011 – 2017
    • Chart 7 – Djibouti Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
    • Chart 8 – Orange Egypt financial results (EGP) – 2002 – 2017
    • Chart 9 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Eritrea – 2004 – 2018
    • Chart 10 – Ethio Telecom - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2018
    • Chart 11 – Ghana - Mobile voice subscribers by operator – 2011 – 2017
    • Chart 12 – MTN Ghana financial data – 2011 – 2017
    • Chart 13 – Guinea - Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2012 – 2017
    • Chart 14 – Kenya - Market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 – 2017
    • Chart 15 – Malawi - TNM financial results – 2009 – 2017
    • Chart 16 – Vodacom South Africa mobile revenue – 2010 – 2018
    • Chart 17 – Zimbabwe - Active mobile subscriptions by operator– 2014 – 2017
    • Chart 18 – Zimbabwe - Econet Wireless financial data – 2010 – 2017
    • Exhibit 1 – Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
    • Exhibit 2 – Swazi MTN licence conditions
    • Exhibit 3 – Vodacom – in and out and back in Zambia

Related Reports

Annual Publication Profile

Technologies

Companies (Major Players)
Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure)
Regulations & Government Policies

Number of pages 284

Status Current

Last updated 25 Apr 2018
Update History

Analyst: Henry Lancaster

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