Albania - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Albania’s telcos prepare for 800MHz auction to develop 5G services

Albania’s telecom market is consistent with developments elsewhere in the region, with fixed-line telephony penetration declining as subscribers migrate to mobile solutions and with ongoing government efforts to improve broadband availability and access conditions. To this end the regulator recently imposed LLU and bitstream access conditions on the incumbent telco Albtelecom.

The country’s small economy is highly dependent on the key trading partners of Italy and Greece. The former still struggles to develop growth while the latter faces continuing austerity measures. These economic considerations had a marked impact on Albania’s telecom sector, with revenue growth having declined for a number of years before showing marginal recovery from 2014.

Penetration in the fixed-line and broadband sectors remains very low by international standards. Although regulatory obstacles remain, this low penetration provides opportunities for further investment in network upgrades to help propel the country’s economic growth through digital offerings and IP-based technologies and services. Such investment in fixed-line infrastructure is being encouraged by the regulator through amended access measures and by the government through its own funding programs. However, as mobile network infrastructure improves consumers will continue to prefer this platform for voice and data services, and as a result the mobile sector will be the focus for future growth in the overall market.

Recent developments in the telecom sector include the proposed sale of Telekom Albania, with Telekom Srbija among bidders aiming to increase their presence in the Balkan region.

The country has long sought accession to the European Union (EU) which has benefited its telecoms sector through closer scrutiny of its regulatory regime and through the injection of funding to help modernise infrastructure. Albania signed a Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the EU, which came into force in mid-2009. As part of the EU pre-accession process, Albania has received financial aid to build public institutions and improve cross-border co-operation under the EU’s Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance funding mechanism. Albania has been recognised as a candidate country for accession to the EU since June 2014.

Key developments:

  • Regulator prepares for 800MHz auction, sets new interconnection rates through to December 2019;
  • Vodafone Albania shuts down its M-Pesa service;
  • Albtelecom secures 2600MHz spectrum license;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data to March 2018, operator data to Q2 2018, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Vodafone Albania, Albtelecom (Eagle Mobile), Telekom Albania (AMC), Cosmote, Turk Telecom, Primo Communications.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Overview of Albania’s telecom market
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Historical overview
    • 5.2 Regulatory authority
    • 5.3 Telecom sector liberalisation
      • 5.3.1 Privatisation
      • 5.3.2 Interconnection
      • 5.3.3 Number Portability (NP)
      • 5.3.4 Universal Service Obligation (USO)
      • 5.3.5 Access
  • 6. Fixed network operators
    • 6.1 Albtelecom
    • 6.2 Albania Online/Albanian Fibre Backbone (AFB)/Primo
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 Albanian National Broadband Network
    • 7.3 International infrastructure
  • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
    • 8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
    • 8.2 Broadband statistics
    • 8.3 Forecasts – fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 8.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
      • 8.4.1 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
      • 8.4.2 HFC networks
      • 8.4.3 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) networks
      • 8.4.4 Other fixed broadband services
    • 8.5 Digital economy
      • 8.5.1 e-government
  • 9. Mobile market
    • 9.1 Market analysis
    • 9.2 Mobile statistics
    • 9.3 Mobile data
      • 9.3.1 Short Message Service (SMS)/Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
    • 9.4 Mobile broadband
    • 9.5 Regulatory issues
      • 9.5.1 GSM licences
      • 9.5.2 3G/UMTS licences
      • 9.5.3 Licences – 2015
      • 9.5.4 Licences – 2016
      • 9.5.5 800MHz spectrum
      • 9.5.6 Mobile Termination Rates (MTRs)
      • 9.5.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
    • 9.6 Mobile infrastructure
      • 9.6.1 5G
      • 9.6.2 4G (LTE)
    • 9.7 Major mobile operators
      • 9.7.1 Telekom Albania (Albanian Mobile Communications)
      • 9.7.2 Vodafone Albania
      • 9.7.3 Albtelecom
      • 9.7.4 Plus Communications
      • 9.7.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 9.8 Mobile content and applications
      • 9.8.1 M-money
  • 10. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities - Albania – 2018 (e)
  • Table 2 – Telecom market revenue by sector – 2008 - 2017
  • Table 3 – Telecom market share of revenue by operator– 2010 - 2017
  • Table 4 – Fixed-line number portings – 2013 - 2017
  • Table 5 – Historic - Fixed lines in service and penetration – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 6 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 7 – Historic - Fixed lines in service (Albtelecom and altnets) – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 8 – Fixed lines in service (Albtelecom and altnets) – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 9 – Fixed lines in service by minor operator – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 10 – Fixed-line telephony market share by operator – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 11 – Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates – 2000 - 2018
  • Table 12 – Fixed-line broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2007 - 2018
  • Table 13 – Fixed-broadband subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 14 – Fixed-broadband market share by operator – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 15 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers –2019; 2021; 2023
  • Table 16 – Fixed broadband market share by platform –2016 - 2017
  • Table 17 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2018
  • Table 18 – Cable modem broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2018
  • Table 19 – FttP broadband subscribers – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 20 – Mobile AMPU and ARPU – 2010 - 2017
  • Table 21 – Historic – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 22 – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
  • Table 23 – Registered mobile SIM cards by operator – 2003 – 2018
  • Table 24 – Active mobile SIM cards by operator – 2010 – 2018
  • Table 25 – Mobile subscriber market share of active SIM cards by operator – 2009 - 2018
  • Table 26 – Mobile market revenue by operator – 2003 – 2015
  • Table 27 – Mobile market net profit by operator – 2010 – 2015
  • Table 28 – Mobile market investment by operator – 2010 – 2017
  • Table 29 – Total mobile outgoing traffic – 2012 – 2018
  • Table 30 – Average use of mobile services, active users – 2011 – 2018
  • Table 31 – Mobile data traffic – 2013 - 2018
  • Table 32 – Mobile data traffic per subscriber per month – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 33 – Total SMS messages sent – 2002 - 2018
  • Table 34 – Mobile subscribers by type (handsets, dedicated data) – 2013 – 2017
  • Table 35 – Active mobile internet subscribers by operator via 3G/LTE handsets – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 36 – Mobile internet subscribers by operator via USB/modem – 2011 - 2016
  • Table 37 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2011 - 2018
  • Table 38 – MTRs – 2013 - 2019
  • Table 39 – SMS termination tariffs – 2013 - 2015
  • Table 40 – Mobile number portings – 2011 - 2017
  • Table 41 – Telekom Albania mobile revenue, EBITDA – 2013 - 2018
  • Table 42 – Telekom Albania active mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2018
  • Table 43 – Telekom Albania registered mobile subscribers – 2016 - 2018
  • Table 44 – Vodafone Albania active subscribers – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 45 – Vodafone Albania registered subscribers – 2008 - 2018
  • Table 46 – Vodafone prepaid subscribers – 2005 - 2018
  • Table 47 – Albtelecom active mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2018
  • Table 48 – Albtelecom mobile revenue – 2015 - 2016
  • Table 49 – Plus Communications active mobile subscribers – 2014 - 2017
  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2010 – 2018
  • Chart 2 – Fixed lines in service by minor operator – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 3 – Fixed-line telephony market share by operator – 2014 – 2018
  • Chart 4 – Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 5 – Active mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 – 2018
  • Chart 6 – Registered mobile SIM cards by operator – 2003 – 2018
  • Chart 7 – Mobile subscriber market share of active SIM cards by operator – 2009 – 2018
  • Chart 8 – Mobile revenue by operator – 2003 – 2015

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