Kyrgyzstan - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Mobile Broadband grows strongly in Kyrgyzstan as 4G rollouts gain momentum

Fixed broadband penetration continues to grow strongly but from a very small base. Penetration in Kyrgyzstan remains very low mainly due to the dominance of the mobile platform. In addition, the limited and declining number of fixed telephone lines is restricting more widespread development. Over the next five years to 2023 low to moderate growth is expected from this small base.

Kyrgyzstan had implemented ‘full competition’ across all segments of its telecoms sector over a decade ago. The telecommunications sector in Kyrgyzstan has been generally characterised by an open market that welcomes both foreign and domestic investors. However there remains more to be done on the regulatory front to take full advantage of the reforms already in place. Compared to other Asian nations, Kyrgyzstan has very low fixed line and fixed-broadband penetration and low to moderate mobile broadband penetration.

International connectivity continues to grow. Kyrgyztelecom began construction of its second cross-border network link with Tajikistan. The international terrestrial link was required due to increased internet demand chiefly from users in Tajikistan.

The mobile subscriber growth rate in Kyrgyzstan has slowed considerably over the past four years due to a saturated mobile subscriber market. Further slow growth is also predicted over the next five years to 2023. Although there are four mobile networks in operation, the market is dominated by the two operators; Sky Mobile (Beeline) and MegaCom.

Mobile broadband continues to grow strongly in Kyrgyzstan. The mobile broadband subscriber penetration has grown strongly over the past six years driven by a mature mobile subscriber base and rollout of faster 4G mobile networks. 4G networks now cover over 50% of the nation as the major mobile operators gain momentum in their rollouts.

Strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2023. The mobile broadband market will be driven by increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators as they roll out 4G and eventually 5G networks and improving tariffs due to strong competition.

Key developments:

  • Fixed broadband penetration continues to grow strongly but from a very small base.
  • Mobile broadband continues to grow strongly.
  • The major mobile operators continue to rollout out 4G LTE mobile networks.
  • The number of fixed telephone lines is declining fairly quickly driven by rollout of mobile networks.
  • International connectivity continues to grow strongly.
  • Table of Contents

    • 1. Executive summary
    • 2. Key Statistics
    • 3. Country overview
    • 4. Telecommunications market
      • 4.1 Market Overview and Analysis
      • 4.2 Regional Market Comparison
      • 4.3 Background
    • 5. Regulatory environment
      • 5.1 Regulatory authority
    • 6. Fixed network operators
      • 6.1 Kyrgyztelecom
      • 6.2 Other Fixed Network Operators
    • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
      • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
      • 7.2 Fibre Networks
      • 7.3 International infrastructure
        • 7.3.1 Satellites
        • 7.3.2 Fibre
    • 8. Fixed-line broadband market
      • 8.1 Background
      • 8.2 Broadband statistics and forecast
      • 8.3 ISP market
      • 8.4 Fixed-line broadband technologies
        • 8.4.1 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
        • 8.4.2 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 9. Mobile market
      • 9.1 Market Overview
      • 9.2 Mobile Statistics and Forecast
      • 9.3 Mobile Broadband Statistics and Forecast
      • 9.4 Mobile Regulatory issues
        • 9.4.1 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
        • 9.4.2 SIM registration
        • 9.4.3 Spectrum Auctions
      • 9.5 Digital networks
        • 9.5.1 Developments
        • 9.5.2 LTE
      • 9.6 Mobile Content and Applications
        • 9.6.1 Apps
    • 10. Major mobile operators
      • 10.1 Operator Statistics
        • 10.1.1 MegaCom (Alfa Telecom)
        • 10.1.2 Sky Mobile (Beeline)
        • 10.1.3 Zheti Mobile / Aktel (background)
        • 10.1.4 Nur Telecom (O!)
        • 10.1.5 Katel
        • 10.1.6 KT Mobile
    • 11. Broadcasting
    • 12. Related reports
    • Table 1 – Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities – 2018 (e)
    • Table 2 – Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
    • Table 3 – Key Metrics - Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) - 2018 - 2023
    • Table 4 – Fixed lines in service, Annual change and Penetration – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 5 – Historic - Fixed lines in service, annual change and penetration – 1991 - 2006
    • Table 6 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2023
    • Table 7 – Internet users –and penetration - 1998 - 2018
    • Table 8 – Households with internet – 2007 - 2017
    • Table 9 – International Internet Bandwidth – 2006 - 2018
    • Table 10 – Lit/Equipped International Bandwidth Capacity – 2015 - 2018
    • Table 11 – Historic - Cable modem subscribers – 2004 - 2015
    • Table 12 – Historic - DSL subscribers – 2003 - 2015
    • Table 13 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 1998 - 2023
    • Table 14 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2010 - 2023
    • Table 15 – Mobile operators – subscribers and market share – 2018
    • Table 16 – MegaCom subscribers – 2009 - 2018
    • Table 17 – Sky Mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2018
    • Table 18 – Historic Sky Mobile - ARPU – 2005; 2011 - 2014
    • Table 19 – Historic - Aktel (Fonex) subscribers – 2007 – 2011; 2014
    • Table 20 – Nur Telecom (O!) - subscribers – 2013 - 2018
    • Table 21 – Historic - Key broadcasting statistics - 2015
    • Chart 1 – Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration – 2018; 2023
    • Chart 2 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
    • Chart 3 – Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
    • Chart 4 –Telecoms Maturity Index – Central Asia
    • Chart 5 – Fixed lines in service and penetration – 2008 - 2018
    • Chart 6 – Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
    • Chart 7 – Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2008 - 2023
    • Chart 8 – Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) – 2010 - 2023
    • Exhibit 1 – Key Market Characteristics by Market Segment
    • Exhibit 2 – Central Asia -Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country

    Related Reports

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Focus Report Profile

Technologies

Broadband Fixed
Internet
Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure)
Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages 41

Status Current

Last updated 6 Aug 2018
Update History

Lead Analyst: Phil Harpur

Contributing Analysts:

Peter Evans

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