Mongolia possesses a liberalised and competitive telecoms market served by multiple competing players and an incumbent operator that no longer holds a dominant share of its market. The growing popularity of mobile broadband has underpinned overall broadband and telecoms growth. This trend is consolidating Mongolia’s position as a “mobile first” telecoms market and shaping the future direction of Mongolia’s developing digital economy.
Mongolia is ranked 14th out of 34 with a Telecoms Maturity Index score of 42. This ranks Mongolia 7th last in the “Market Challengers” category. (BuddeComm’s “Asian Telecoms Maturity Index”, is an index (on a scale between 0 and 100) that measures and ranks the relative maturity of the telecoms industry in all of the 34 countries in Asia.) Compared to other Asian nations, Mongolia has moderate mobile penetration, moderate mobile broadband penetration and low fixed broadband penetration.
The penetration of fixed lines in Mongolia has increased strongly over the past five years as a higher proportion of residences decide to take a fixed line access option. Penetration is however predicted to only increase slightly over the next five years to 2022. There is a continued migration from fixed-line services to mobile operators that have a much higher availability in the rural areas and access to applications and services in the urban areas.
Fixed broadband penetration in Mongolia remains low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines and the dominance of the mobile platform. However the market has grown very strongly over the past five years from a very small base. Over the next five years to 2022 moderate growth is expected to continue. A major driver of broadband growth among the general population will be affordable access to relevant content.
Mongolia’s mobile market has experienced fairly slow growth over the past five years in a relatively mature market. High mobile penetration levels in Mongolia are also indicative of healthy competition. Slow to moderate growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to strong local competition and a further maturing market.
Mobile broadband has become an increasingly attractive proposition due to the increasingly faster speeds offered coupled with improving tariffs due to strong competition among the four mobile network operators. Mobile broadband subscriptions grew rapidly commencing in 2012, with this growth attributed to the increasing popularity of 3G mobile broadband products.
The launch of 4G LTE services by all the major operators will see the uptake of mobile broadband customers continue to grow strongly over the next five years to 2022.
In May 2018 South Korea’s KT Corp completed the sale of its 40% stake in Telecom Mongolia back to the Mongolian government.
Companies (Major Players)
Mobile & Wireless Broadband and Media
Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure)
Regulations & Government Policies
Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
Number of pages 46
Last updated 14 May 2018
Analyst: Phil Harpur
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