Yemen - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Access to telecommunications services is vital given the humanitarian issues in Yemen

Yemen is a unique market for telecommunications providers to operate in because the ongoing civil conflict has resulted in around 75% of the population reportedly needing humanitarian assistance. In addition, it is a dangerous market for company personnel as well as destructive for infrastructure such as mobile towers which are often deliberately targeted.

In this situation, just supplying basic telecommunications services to the community becomes extremely challenging. It is difficult to perform maintenance to infrastructure in areas of open conflict and the safety of staff must be a top priority.

Despite this however, it is also vital that emergency communications services are available in order to perhaps convey warnings to citizens; allow aid organisations to co-ordinate their efforts; facilitate crisis mapping and provide information regarding access to food and medical relief.

Aid organisations, including those assisting to resolve telecommunications services, also face challenges moving about Yemen due to the security issues. One such aid organisation, the Emergency Telecommunication Cluster (ETC), has been operating in Yemen for a few years and is providing security telecommunications services and basic internet and power charging stations, where possible. ETC utilises a mix of technologies and particularly relies on satellite for some of the more difficult areas.

Satellite and radio communications have become important technologies generally to supply services in Yemen as in the rural and remote areas there is a scarcity of telecommunications equipment, infrastructure and service providers such as ISPs.

Until telecommunications infrastructure can be improved across Yemen and the civil unrest stabilises – there will be very little progress ahead for the sector in the short term.

Please note: Yemen can be a difficult market to research given the volatile civil unrest and rising concerns regarding famine. All recent statistics are estimated only as the current situation is largely unknown. There is reportedly significant destruction to telecoms infrastructure.

Key developments:

  • Yemen had done much to upgrade and expand its telecom sector prior to the civil unrest. However tele-density remains among the lowest in the Arab states, reflecting Yemen’s status as one of the poorest countries in the region.
  • Yemen is heavily dependent upon its revenue generated by oil production; however, the economy faces ongoing hardship as oil reserves deplete.

Companies covered in this report include:

TeleYemen, Public Telecommunications Corporation (PTC), Yemen Mobile, SabaFon, MTN Yemen, Y Telecom, Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC), DARE submarine cable consortium.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
  • 3. Country overview
  • 4. Telecommunications market
    • 4.1 Historical overview
    • 4.2 Market analysis
    • 4.3 Key industry considerations
  • 5. Regulatory environment
    • 5.1 Regulatory authority
    • 5.2 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 5.3 Privatisation
    • 5.4 Internet governance
  • 6. Fixed network operators in Yemen
    • 6.1 TeleYemen/Yemen International Telecommunication Company
    • 6.2 Public Telecommunications Corporation (PTC)
  • 7. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 7.2 International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)
  • 8. Broadband access market
    • 8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 8.1.1 Market analysis
      • 8.1.2 Broadband statistics
      • 8.1.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
      • 8.1.4 Other fixed broadband services
  • 9. Digital economy
    • 9.1 e-Commerce/m-commerce
    • 9.2 e-Government
    • 9.3 e-Health
    • 9.4 e-Education
  • 10. Digital media
  • 11. Mobile communications
    • 11.1 Market analysis
    • 11.2 Mobile statistics
    • 11.3 Mobile broadband statistics
    • 11.4 Regulatory issues
      • 11.4.1 GSM licences awarded
      • 11.4.2 Third GSM licence
    • 11.5 Mobile infrastructure
        • 11.6 Major mobile operators
          • 11.6.1 MTN Yemen
          • 11.6.2 SabaFon
          • 11.6.3 TeleYemen/Yemen Mobile
          • 11.6.4 HiTS Unitel/Y Telecom
      • 12. Related reports
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – Yemen - 2018
      • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – Yemen - 2016
      • Table 3 – Fixed broadband statistics – Yemen - 2016
      • Table 4 – Mobile statistics – Yemen - 2017
      • Table 5 – National telecommunications authority
      • Table 6 – Yemen – GDP and inflation – 2012 - 2018
      • Table 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2016
      • Table 8 – Internet penetration and households with Internet access – 2010-2016
      • Table 9 – Fixed broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 10 - International Internet bandwidth – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 11 – Mobile subscriptions and penetration – 2013 - 2017
      • Table 12 – Active mobile broadband subscriptions – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 13 – MTN Yemen - subscribers, ARPU, and market share – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 14 – MTN Yemen – revenue and capex – 2014 – 2017
      • Table 15 – SabaFon subscribers – 2004 – 2017 Q2
      • Chart 1 – Mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration – 2013 - 2017

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