Poland - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Publication Overview

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Poland’s telecommunications market. The report analyses the fixed-line, mobile and broadband sectors. Subjects include:

  • Market and industry analyses, trends and developments;
  • Facts, figures and statistics;
  • Industry and regulatory issues;
  • Infrastructure developments;
  • Major Players, Revenues, Subscribers, ARPU, MoU;
  • Mobile Voice and Data Markets;
  • Broadband (FttP, DSL, cable, wireless);
  • Mobile subscribers and ARPU;
  • Broadband market forecasts;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and industry issues;
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, IPOs, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Mobile technologies (GSM; 3G, HSPA, LTE, 5G).

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster
Current publication date:- April 2018 (17th Edition)

Executive Summary

Poland gears up for 5G trials in 2019

Poland’s liberalised telecom market has seen considerable development in recent years, with the regulatory environment having been shaped by EU principles designed to facilitate competition and encourage competing operators to enter the market. Recently this extended to opening Orange Poland’s fibre network to access and pricing regulation.

The fixed broadband market has benefited from excellent cross-platform competition, with comprehensive DSL infrastructure complemented by extensive cable networks and a growing fibre presence. Commercial considerations meant that fibre was for some years restricted to a number of urban areas, though more recently the sector has received considerable financial support from the government and the EU aimed at building fibre-based networks across the country and promoting fibre connectivity to end-users. As a result, the proportion of broadband subscribers receiving a service of at least 100Mb/s has increased sharply in recent years.

Orange Poland still dominates the fixed broadband market although there has been some consolidation among operators. UPC Poland in particular has grown through acquisitions, though its bid to take over the cable assets of Multimedia Polska was abandoned in early 2018 following regulatory concerns over the proposed deal’s impact on market competition.

The mobile market has been characterised by the rapid extension of LTE networks and the development of mobile data services based on newly released and refarmed spectrum. In addition, the regulator and operators alike are preparing for 5G, with the regulator embarking on a long-term strategy and with operators such as Orange Poland preparing to trial services based on 5G technologies in 2019.

Mobile penetration in Poland is above the European average, standing at almost 141% by early 2018. This reflects the continuing popularity among consumers to keep two or more SIM cards, which has distorted the real mobile penetration rate. The distortion has been addressed on two fronts: by network operators being encouraged to disconnect dormant SIM cards, and by legislation, effective from February 2017, which obliges subscribers of prepaid services to register their details. This has resulted in a significant readjustment in the number of subscribers in the market.

This report covers key aspects of Poland’s evolving telecom market, presenting data and analyses on market operators, fixed-line networks and technologies, and the key regulatory developments. The report also profiles the fixed broadband market players, assesses the varied technology platforms and market developments, and provides subscriber forecasts to 2023. In addition the report covers the mobile voice and data markets, including profiles of the major operators together with updated operating and financial results, and assessing recent regulatory measures and spectrum auction results.

Key developments:

  • NetWorkS! Joint venture increases LTE spectrum allocation;
  • Polkomtel’s LTE-A service data rate increased to 500Mb/s;
  • Legislation waives spectrum fees for technology trials;
  • Orange Poland planning 5G trials in 2019;
  • T-Mobile Poland launches commercial NB-IoT services;
  • Vectra and Toya launch 1Gb/s FttP services;
  • Liberty Global cancels proposed acquisition of Multimedia’s cable assets;
  • Netia and Orange Poland head fibre-based consortia to extend broadband nationally;
  • Government creates Ministry of Administration and Digitalisation to oversee telecom sector development;
  • Telecommunications Act amended;
  • Report update includes the regulator’s market data report for 2016, State Statistics data for 2016, telcos’ operating and financial data for Q4 2017, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Orange Poland, Netia, Telefonia Dialog, GTS Energis, Exatel, Telekomunikacja Kolejowa, UPC Poland, Aster, Multimedia Polska, Vectra, Polkomtel, CenterNet, T-Mobile Poland, P4/Play, Mobyland.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key statistics
    • 1.1 Country overview
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Historical overview
    • 2.2 Market analysis
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 Historic overview
    • 3.2 Telecommunications Act (2001)
    • 3.3 Telecommunications Act (2004)
    • 3.4 Regulatory authority
    • 3.5 Telecom sector liberalisation
    • 3.6 Privatisation
    • 3.7 Interconnection
    • 3.8 Carrier selection and carrier preselection
    • 3.9 Access
      • 3.9.1 Fibre access
    • 3.10 Number Portability (NP)
  • 4. Major network operators
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Orange Poland
    • 4.3 Netia
    • 4.4 Telefonia Dialog
    • 4.5 Telekomunikacja Kolejowa (TK Telekom)
    • 4.6 T-Mobile Poland
    • 4.7 Exatel
  • 5. Telecommunications infrastructure
    • 5.1 Overview of the national telecom network
    • 5.2 Orange Poland
    • 5.3 Alternative operators
    • 5.4 Smart infrastructure
      • 5.4.1 Smart cities
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Introduction and statistical overview
      • 6.1.1 Market analysis
      • 6.1.2 Broadband statistics
      • 6.1.3 Forecasts – broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
    • 6.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
    • 6.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
    • 6.5 Other fixed broadband services
      • 6.5.1 Wi-Fi
      • 6.5.2 WiMAX
      • 6.5.3 Internet via satellite
  • 7. Mobile communications
    • 7.1 Market analysis
    • 7.2 Mobile statistics
      • 7.2.1 General statistics
      • 7.2.2 Prepaid cards
      • 7.2.3 Mobile voice
      • 7.2.4 Mobile data
      • 7.2.5 Mobile broadband
      • 7.2.6 Regulatory issues
      • 7.2.7 Mobile infrastructure
      • 7.2.8 M2M networks
      • 7.2.9 NB-IoT
    • 7.3 Major mobile operators
      • 7.3.1 Orange Poland (PTK Centertel)
      • 7.3.2 Polkomtel/Plus GSM
      • 7.3.3 T-Mobile Poland
      • 7.3.4 Mobyland
      • 7.3.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 7.4 Mobile content and applications
      • 7.4.1 M-payment
      • Table 1 – Country statistics – 2017
      • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2017 (e)
      • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
      • Table 7 – Telecom revenue – 2008 - 2018
      • Table 8 – Telecom revenue by sector – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 9 – Telecom investment – 2011 - 2014
      • Table 10 – Enterprises in ICT – 2012 - 2015
      • Table 11 –ICT revenue – 2012 - 2015
      • Table 12 – Proportion of households with PCs and internet access – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 13 – Household internet access by type – 2015 - 2016
      • Table 14 – Interconnection revenue – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 15 – Proportion of bitstream lines by operator – 2012 - 2015
      • Table 16 – Orange Poland wholesale access lines by type – 2015 - 2017
      • Table 17 – Fixed numbers ported (from networks) – 2009 - 2015
      • Table 18 – Market share of revenue by main operator – 2010 - 2015
      • Table 19 – Market share of subscribers, Orange and altnets – 2006 - 2015
      • Table 20 – Fixed-line call traffic – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 21 – Market share of fixed-line accesses by technology – 2012 - 2015
      • Table 22 – Fixed-line telephony ARPU – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 23 – Fixed-line revenue share by service – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 24 – Orange Poland total retail WRL and POTS lines – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 25 – Orange Poland fixed-line voice ARPU – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 26 – Orange Poland financial data (PLN) – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 27 – Orange Poland financial data by type (€) – 2013 - 2017
      • Table 28 – Netia financial data – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 29 – Netia subscribers by type – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 30 – T-Mobile Poland fixed-line revenue – 2015 - 2017
      • Table 31 – T-Mobile Poland fixed-line subscribers – 2016 - 2017
      • Table 32 – T-Mobile Poland financial data – 2015 - 2017
      • Table 33 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2018
      • Table 34 – Fixed-line call traffic in service and teledensity – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 35 – International bandwidth – 2000 - 2016
      • Table 36 – Fixed-line revenue by type – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 37 – Smart infrastructure funding by program – 2014 - 2020
      • Table 38 – Broadband market revenue by sector – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 39 – Proportion of broadband market revenue by sector – 2006 - 2016
      • Table 40 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 41 – Internet market share of subscribers by technology – 2013 - 2016
      • Table 42 – Fixed-line broadband market share by operator – 2011 - 2015
      • Table 43 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 44 – Proportion of businesses with broadband – 2012 - 2016
      • Table 45 – Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates – 2000 - 2009
      • Table 46 – Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 47 – Internet subscriber penetration rates – 2012 - 2018
      • Table 48 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 49 – Forecast fixed broadband subscribers – 2019; 2021; 2023
      • Table 50 – Cable subscribers – 2004 - 2017
      • Table 51 – UPC Poland subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 52 – Cable market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 53 – Multimedia Polska broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 54 – Multimedia Polska revenue by service – 2016 - 2017
      • Table 55 – Multimedia Polska financial data – 2016 - 2017
      • Table 56 – DSL broadband subscribers – 2003 - 2018
      • Table 57 – Orange Poland DSL, VDSL and FttP subscribers – 2003 - 2017
      • Table 58 – Orange Poland broadband ARPU – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 59 – Netia broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 60 – DSL market share of subscribers by operator – 2010 - 2016
      • Table 61 – Multimedia broadband subscribers – 2014 - 2016
      • Table 62 – T-Mobile broadband subscribers – 2016 - 2017
      • Table 63 – Fibre broadband subscribers – 2009 - 2017
      • Table 64 – Fibre broadband market share of subscribers by operator – 2015 - 2016
      • Table 65 – Orange Poland fibre subscribers – 2015 - 2017
      • Table 66 – Length of fibre network – 2013 - 2016
      • Table 67 – Satellite broadband subscribers – 2008 - 2017
      • Table 68 – Average blended mobile ARPU – 2011 - 2017
      • Table 69 – Mobile market revenue – 2009 - 2018
      • Table 70 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – historic – 1995 - 2009
      • Table 71 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2010 - 2018
      • Table 72 – Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2009 - 2016
      • Table 73 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2016
      • Table 74 – Mobile market traffic and annual change – 2006 - 2017
      • Table 75 – Ratio of prepaid to postpaid subscribers – 2003 - 2016
      • Table 76 – Orange Poland prepaid subscribers – 2003 - 2016
      • Table 77 – T-Mobile Poland prepaid subscribers – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 78 – Average mobile data traffic per subscriber – 2011 - 2016
      • Table 79 – Mobile data traffic – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 80 – SMS messages sent and annual growth – 2006 - 2018
      • Table 81 – MMS messages sent and annual growth– 2006 - 2016
      • Table 82 – Mobile broadband market share of subscribers by operator (2G/3G) – 2008 - 2016
      • Table 83 – Dedicated mobile broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 - 2018
      • Table 84 – Active mobile broadband subscribers – 2009- 2018
      • Table 85 – Orange dedicated mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2016
      • Table 86 – Share of mobile broadband access by device – 2016
      • Table 87 – Mobile number portings – 2009 – 2015
      • Table 88 – European roaming charges – 2007 – 2016
      • Table 89 – European data roaming charges – 2014 - 2017
      • Table 90 – Roaming traffic (voice, SMS, data) – 2007 - 2015
      • Table 91 – M2M SIM cards in use – 2013 - 2016
      • Table 92 – M2M revenue – 2013 - 2016
      • Table 93 – Orange M2M cards in use – 2016 - 2017
      • Table 94 – Orange Poland mobile revenue – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 95 – Orange Poland mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 96 – Orange total monthly voice ARPU – 2010 - 2017
      • Table 97 – Orange data ARPU share – 2008 - 2015
      • Table 98 – Polkomtel financial data (historic) – 2009 - 2013
      • Table 99 – Polkomtel subscribers – 2009 – 2010; 2012 - 2017
      • Table 100 – T-Mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2017
      • Table 101 – T-Mobile mobile financial data – 2005 - 2017
      • Table 102 – T-Mobile ARPU and churn – 2005 - 2016
      • Table 103 – Play mobile subscribers – 2007 – 2017
      • Table 104 – Play financial data – 2013 – 2017
      • Table 105 – Netia mobile RGUs – 2010 - 2017
      • Chart 1 – Telecom revenue by sector – 2010 – 2016
      • Chart 2 – Market share of subscribers, Orange and altnets – 2006 – 2016
      • Chart 3 – Orange Poland total retail lines – 2011 – 2017
      • Chart 4 – Orange Poland financial data (PLN) – 2006 – 2017
      • Chart 5 – Orange Poland financial data by type (€) – 2013 – 2017
      • Chart 6 – Netia financial data – 2007 – 2017
      • Chart 7 – Netia subscribers by type – 2008 – 2017
      • Chart 8 – Broadband market revenue by sector – 2006 – 2016
      • Chart 9 – Proportion of broadband market revenue by sector – 2006 – 2016
      • Chart 10 – Proportion of broadband connections by data rate – 2010 – 2016
      • Chart 11 – Historic - Internet users, subscribers and penetration rates – 2005 – 2018
      • Chart 12 – Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration rate – 2004 – 2018
      • Chart 13 – UPC Poland subscribers – 2008 – 2017
      • Chart 14 – Orange Poland DSL, VDSL and FttP subscribers – 2003 – 2017
      • Chart 15 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2000 – 2018
      • Chart 16 – Mobile market share of revenue by operator – 2009 – 2016
      • Chart 17 – Mobile market share of subscribers by operator – 2009 – 2016
      • Chart 18 – Orange total monthly ARPU – 2009 – 2017
      • Chart 19 – T-Mobile financial data – 2005 – 2017
      • Exhibit 1 – Access, the local loop and unbundling – an overview
      • Exhibit 2 – 2G spectrum awarded
      • Exhibit 3 – 5G spectrum, speed and devices
      • Exhibit 4 - Key considerations for government and regulators in relation to 5G

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